As you’d expect from their names, hemp oil, CBD oil, cannabis oil, and hemp seed oil are all made from the same family of plants – cannabis. This industrious plant and all its possible varieties have been reared with many purposes in mind over thousands of years, and with each variety of the plant came new uses.
Since the recent use of cannabinoids for the treatment of some conditions by medical practitioners, CBD oil and related products are under the limelight. And with this sudden eruption of interest, there is some confusion about the different forms of cannabis-derived oils, how they’re made, and how they’re used. We’re here to help clear up some of the confusion.
CBD oil is extracted from the leaves, stalks and flowers of the Cannabis Sativa plant.
It contains less than 0.3% THC and a combination of cannabinoids and terpenes, but mainly CBD.
Its health benefits are under observation by researchers and its status as a medicine is currently in a grey area.
CBD oil is used in e-liquids as an alternative to smoking and is also available as capsules, tinctures, and additives.
Also known as cannabidiol and hemp oil. Not to be mistaken with hemp seed oil.
Cannabis oil is extracted from the marijuana plant and is also a strain of Cannabis Sativa.
Can also be made from Cannabis Indica and Ruderalis.
Contains varying levels of THC and other cannabinoids.
Used medicinally but is not easily available in the UK, unless prescribed by a healthcare professional.
Hemp seed oil is made from industrial hemp. It is also a strain of Cannabis Sativa.
Made by cold pressing the hulled seeds.
Contains essential fatty acids and little to no cannabinoids.
Used widely for good health and diet and considered a food product.
Also used for clothing, textiles, fuel and in soil rejuvenation.
Not to be confused with hemp oil.
There is no difference between hemp oil and CBD oil. The same goes for cannabidiol, which is the full name for CBD oil. Hemp oil, CBD oil and cannabidiol are names that are used interchangeably to describe the same product: an oil made by CO2 extraction from the leaves, flowers, and stalks of the industrial hemp plant. Hemp is any strain of the cannabis sativa plant that contains less than 0.3 percent THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol), the psychoactive compound found in marijuana.
Most producers will call their product CBD oil rather than hemp oil, but some don’t, despite the confusion that exists between hemp oil and hemp seed oil.
Unlike hemp oil, CBD oil, and cannabidiol, which are the same product and made from the leaves, stalks, and flowers of the hemp plant; hemp seed oil is made from industrial hemp seeds. Confusingly, hemp seed oil will sometimes be referred to as hemp oil, while hemp oil is referred to as CBD oil.
Hemp oil, CBD oil or cannabidiol contains CBD, terpenes and other cannabinoids and is currently under scrutiny by researchers for its medicinal properties.
While CBD oil is made by extracting oil from the plant itself, using CO2 extraction, hemp seed oil is made by removing the outer husk of the seed and cold pressing it. This produces an oil rich in compounds that are good for you including essential fatty acids, monosaturated fats, and gamma linoleic acids – no CBD to be seen. It is usually available at grocery stores and over the counter at pharmacies.
Hemp oil, or CBD oil, will often have relatively high concentrations of cannabidiol, up to 10% in some cases and is extracted from specially bred hemp plants that have been cultivated for their high CBD content, just as other cannabis plants are designed to yield high THC content. Both hemp seed oil and CBD oil has less than 0.3% THC.
CBD oil is processed and used as the main ingredient in commercial CBD products, including e-liquids, capsules, and tinctures. While hemp seed oil is often used in a similar way to fish oil, as a health supplement and to complement food.
The major difference between cannabis oil and hemp or CBD oil, is that cannabis oil contains THC and CBD doesn’t. These two cannabinoids are two amongst many (over 100) cannabinoids found in the cannabis sativa plant and have very different functions and effects.
As it stands, anything containing more than 0.3% THC is illegal in the UK because of its psychoactive effects, while products with CBD don’t which is why it’s widely available online and in health food shops. Because CBD oil is very new to the market, there is a lot of debate about what it does and what distributors are able to say it does.
Last updated: Friday 17th May 2019